How to choose the embroidery machine.
How it works.
The fabric is stretched and securely fastened to the hoop. The mechanism of the carriage moves the hoop on two axes. Built into the car computer controls the movement of the carriage and needle punctures in accordance with the program - "Machine Embroidery".
The process of sewing on a machine normally looks something like this:
First, the file is transferred to the design of embroidery in the car. The machine prompts you to install the hoop, the appropriate size and fill with desired color thread. Before you start to embroider, you can move or rotate the design to the desired position within the hoop. After pressing the "start" can only watch as the fabric is formed embroidered picture. If the design of color, the machine embroiders the first color, stops and offers to change the color of the thread. At this point you can trim the extra pulling strings, and there are cars that are pulling themselves cut off and take care of it is not necessary. After graduating from the embroidery hoop can be removed and ironed ready to work.Main characteristics of embroidery machines.The size of the hoop.One of the most important characteristics of the embroidery machine - the maximum size of embroidery. The maximum field of embroidery, performed without having to move the hoop, is determined by the course of the carriage. The width of the embroidery machine is limited to a length of the platform. Many manufacturers produce "adjustable" hoop for your machine. These are a few hoop attachment and an embroidered first half of Design, then the hoop fixed to the second bracket, and embroidered the second half. The design for these hoop must be pre-prepared - is divided into parts in a special program. Size of the largest adjustable hoop and the magnitude of the maximum field of embroidery machines today are summarized in the table:
|Machine Model||The maximum size of the embroidery hoop without changing||The maximum size of the adjustable hoop|
|Designer SE, Designer I||240x150||360x150|
|Designer Topaz 30||360x200|
|Designer Topaz 20||260x200|
|Creative 4.0||260x200 (360x200 when replacing the embroidery module)||360x350 (when replacing the embroidery module)|
|Creative 2134, Creative 2170||225x140||250x225|
|Memory Craft 11000||200x200||280x200|
|Memory Craft 300, 350, 9700||200x140||230x200|
|Memory Craft 200||140x140|
|Bernina||830||400x260 (oval) can be placed in the hoop design of the square or rectangular 240x240 200x330, 180x350, 170x360, etc.|
|730, 640, 430, 435, 440, 450...||255x145 (oval) hoop can be placed in a square or rectangular design 140x140 120x200, 100x220, etc.|
|Brother||PR-620, Innov-is I||300x200|
|Innov-is 900, 90||100x100|
That's how you can visually compare the hoop:
When choosing embroidery machine should consider whether the machine embroider designs from other manufacturers - whether these designs will fit in the hoop machine. For example, in the oval hoop Bernina size 255 x 145 mm fit many Janome Designs for rectangular hoop 200 x 140 mm, and it does not fit most of the Husqvarna Designs for the hoop 240 x 150 mm - cut corners oval hoop will interfere.
However, not all need to embroider the coat, paintings and quilts. Some people need the machine for decorating children's clothes or embroidery logos. In this case, quite small, and hoop.
Разрешить написание латиницей An important feature that affects the quality of the embroidery - is mounted hoop. The presence of a large backlash in the mechanism for mounting and moving the hoop leads to a displacement of parts of embroidery and pattern distortion. The larger the hoop, the more the backlash mechanism affects the positioning accuracy of the hoop. The effect of bias circuits is particularly noticeable in the corners away from the mount, and when working with heavy materials.
hoop for most household appliances are attached to one side. The use of a single attachment to simplify the embroidery module, but such structures are particularly prone to the appearance of backlashes.
significantly reduce the gap allows the consolidation of the hoop at two points - in opposite directions. Unfortunately, this mount is found only in professional and industrial embroidery machines.
If you want to embroider a large complex pictures or collect embroidered linen from the individual elements, you should pay particular attention to the reliability of fastening hoop.
++Hoop attached to the two sides. Backlash is not noticeable.
+Hoop mounted on a large length. Backlash to a minimum.
-Fixed point-hoop. Luft noticeable.
Reliable fixation of the material in pyaltsah.zhestkosti
Greatly affect the outcome of embroidery, how firmly held material in the hoop while stitching. If you hold a bad hoop, embroidery will pull the fabric and the result will be far from ideal. The most common problem occurs when you try to fix the thin material in the large rectangular hoop - fabric keeps well in the corners of the hoop, and much worse at the midpoints of the long sides. Best of all fixed tissue in the round hoop. For rectangular hoop - the more rounded corners, the better. The new machines, Pfaff and Husqvarna have come up with additional fixation for special clips, and the fabric in the hoop is held very well. It should also pay attention to the rigidity of the hoop. If a strong tension hoop fabric can be deformed, and securely lock the fabric will be difficult. To increase the rigidity of some manufacturers of embroidery machines reinforce the increased hoop ribs.
+Frame hoop reinforced ribs.
+The corners are rounded hoop much. The fabric is securely attached
+Tissue was fixed in addition to the hoop by means of special clips
-Hoop slender frame and reinforced enough. Rounding the corners of small radius
The quality of embroidery.
The quality of embroidery is probably the most important parameter.
Influence on the result of many things - the stability of the tension thread, the quality of treatment of friction surfaces, the accuracy of control points and gaps in the mechanism, in general - the culture of production and technology.
Unfortunately, the measure quality can not be frozen, but you can appreciate a good machine embroidery or bad. For this purpose, the vending machine should sew a test design. For the test, select design, in which there gladevye rolls of different widths, different zastily solid, straight stitch and triple straight stitch. From these simple elements consist almost any embroidery. Embroidery on cotton to be inelastic mean density of tissue, such as satin. Be sure to use stabilizers and high-quality thread. Embroidered on low speed. Well, if a test will help an experienced embroiderer or a shop assistant.
That should look like high-quality embroidery:
- The stitches are tight and embroidery on the fabric does not look like a loose
- All stitches gladevyh ridges look the same, and the width of the rollers is stable
- The lower thread is not shown on the right side embroidery
- Из frozen do not get out the loop
- On the underside there is unexplained knots and loops of upper thread
- weave is formed on the underside. Well, if the bobbin thread is on the wrong side two-thirds the width of the roller gladevogo. and
The methodof data transmission ina car.
The most convenient and modern way of data transmission in a car is to use a USB-devices. In most cases, a USB port on the machine, you can connect a regular USB flash drive, but there is a machine that can connect the CD-ROM or other storage device or devices for wireless communication with the computer.
There are machines that support the other more or less common standard media, such as maps CompactFlash или PCMCIA.
The following family - using the machine's own memory card standard. When buying such machines is important to ensure that the necessary memory cards, card readers and adapters are available commercially and are of adequate money. Well, if all this hardware is included in the package. Otherwise, you can stay with expensive toy that can not sew anything but a dozen of Designs registered in the memory of the machine at the factory.
Another way totransferdata- direct connectionto the computermachine.It'snice ifnext to the machinethere is a placefor your computer.Too badif thisis the onlyway(there is amachine, allmanagedonly with acomputer),because the computeror the placenext to the machinemay be needed forother thingsandit becomes impossibleto embroider.Another disadvantageof this method ofdata transfer -a possiblefailure of theelectronicmachinesin thecomputer'sfaultor theground, and therepair canbe veryexpensive.Thisfailurehappens veryrarely andonly when usingdesktop computers.When you connect thelaptopthe problem is notmet.
The rateof embroidery.
The greater thespeed ofembroidery,so, of course, better.Manufacturers ofhousehold appliancesin the specificationsindicatethe maximum attainablespeedin ideal conditions.
In real conditions, the rate is much lower and depends primarily on the complexity of Design. In addition, the quality of some of the embroidery design, especially in large hoop, strongly depends on the speed of embroidery. Stagnation, embroidered on low speed, often looks neater, and manufacturers of machines provide an opportunity to limit the maximum speed of embroidery.
Objective information about the speed of embroidery can give the test. For this test, you should choose a large one-color design, which will be presented to both short and long stitches in roughly equal proportions.
Crop broaches within objects of the same color.
Cars equipped with this feature can prevent the broach cut and remove the tip of the thread on the underside of embroidery. This feature greatly saves time and eliminates the tedious manual cutting broaches at the end of embroidery, as well as reduces the effect of the contraction of tissue. Pruning works correctly when a design file properly installed the appropriate commands. With the majority of pirated files, cutting broaches normally will not work.
Some machines can cut the drawing in any design. The machine is guided by the stitch length - if you get a stitch length greater than a given value (for example, 10 mm), then the machine says it broaches, clips and secures thread. Unfortunately, this solution is also not perfect - the machine can sometimes be useful for the stitches to broach, cut them and spoil the embroidery.
Sensors end yarns.
It is useful and even necessary to have sensors the upper and lower end of the thread. A well-tuned sensor must inform the end of the thread and avoid idling cars. Worse, if the sensor warns of the end of the threads in advance, a message like: "Lower the thread ends," and the bobbin thread with the stock of another 500 stitches.
Features built-in computer.
For the correct positioning of Design in hoop, built-in computer embroidery machine must perform the minimum necessary set of functions: Design movement and its reversal. For the convenience of docking several designs, step translation and rotation should be as small as possible. Very well, if you can rotate the design in increments of 1 ° or less, and move the design in increments of 0.1 mm.
|Модель машины||Шаг перемещения Дизайна||Шаг поворота Дизайна||Возможности масштабирования Дизайна|
|Husqvarna||Designer Diamond||0,1||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches
20-800% increments 1% the recalculation of stitches
|Designer SE||0,1||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches
50-800% increments 1% the recalculation of stitches
|Designer I||0,1||90°||80-120% increments 5% without counting stitches|
|Designer Topaz||0,1||90°||80-120% increments 5% without counting stitches|
|Pfaff||Creative Vision||0,1||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches
20-800% increments 1% the recalculation of stitches
|Creative 4.0||0,1||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches|
|Creative 2.0||0,1||90°||80-120% increments 5% without counting stitches|
|Creative 2170||0,1||0,5°||80-120% increments 5% without counting stitches|
|Creative 2134||0,1||90°||75-125% increments 1% without counting stitches|
|Janome||MB-4||н/д||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches|
|11000||н/д||1°||80-120% increments 1% without counting stitches|
|9700, 300, 200||н/д||45°||90-120% increments 10% without counting stitches|
|350||н/д||1°||90-120% increments 1% without counting stitches|
|Bernina||830||0,1||1°||increments 1% c пересчетом стежков|
|730, 640||0,1||1°||increments 1% the recalculation of stitches|
|430, 435, 440, 450||0,2||нет||нет|
|Brother||PR-620, Innovis I||0,1||1°||90-120 % increments 1% without counting stitches|
|4000, 1500, 700, 900, 90||0,1||1°||increments 1% without counting stitches|
The first of these "amenities" - the monitor. In the simplest models in black and white monitorchike in the show room embroider embroidery color, number of stitches embroidered with the current color, the total number of stitches of the current color, the remaining number of stitches and the time remaining until the end of sewing. This information can be considered the minimum necessary. In more complex machines on a small color screen shows a schematic drawing embroider, embroidered allocated area and shows the current position of the needle. The most expensive machines are equipped with full color and large touch screens of high resolution, on which embroidery is portrayed in a realistic way. If you plan to embroider the picture, combining several designs to embroider on the details of clothing with embroidery precise positioning, and to solve such problems, choose a machine with a large monitor. The large monitor allows many machines use the exact positioning of one design relative to another. Without this function the exact docking Designs is not easy.
In addition to these, built-in computer performs many service functions. For example, "a sewing advisor" tells you what kind of needle, thread and stabilizers should be used to perform high-quality embroidery on the fabric chosen.
Good luck and success!